The bream (Abramis brama Linnaeus, 1758; young individuals — подле́щики, old in southern regions of Russia — чебаки ́) — the most well-known representative of a sort of breams (an armor. Abramis) from family карповых fishes (an armor. Cyprinidae), group карпообразных (an armor. Cypriniformes).
Differs the high body compressed from sides (height about 1/3 lengths), a long anal fin (its beginning lies in front from back). Pharyngeal teeth on five from each party. A head small, a mouth small.
At the adult bream a back gray or brown, sides silver-gray or brownish, a belly is dirty-whitish, all fins gray. Length of 40-70 sm, weight of 5-6 kg; copies to 71 sm in length, 36 sm in height come across and is powerful 9—11 kg, occasionally (in Sweden and places in Russia) to 13 and 18 kg.
At young breams (white breams) a body already more oblong, is more than eye; they are a little similar on густеру, but it is easy отличимы on dark fins. Weigh till 700 Colouring of white-silvery color, then сереют, fins darken, and on a throat and a belly there is a reddish shade. Three-year-old get already yellow-golden shade with more dark back; the largest breams golden. Color depends and on property of water.
The bream keeps groups, mainly in deep places, поросших plants. It is careful and sharp enough.
Breams in deep places winter. Living at устьев Volga a part winter in the sea, a part enter into the river.


Usually at the Russian fishers summer catching поплавочной a fishing tackle associates basically with small fry or a bleak. At a word «bream» you most likely will think either about донке, or of catching from a boat anchored in the middle of the river or lake. Nevertheless the bream, and even large, it is possible to catch quite successfully on lake or a water basin usual поплавочной a fishing tackle from coast. Catching of the bream in open-cast mines, water basins and lakes differs from fishing on the river.
The first and basic feature consists that if in the rivers the bream during the day keeps approximately on the same sites in stagnant water we can observe accurately expressed its daily migration. In the morning, in the evening and at night it leaves to eat to shallow sites, and goes on the deepest places of a reservoir in the afternoon. If it is cloudy, the bream prefers to be longer on shoal, and sharp change of weather sometimes forces it not to leave holes.
To move it prefers, adhering to deep sites, therefore in the coastal hole separated from the basic depths of a reservoir by shallows, it can and not appear in general. And on the contrary: the underwater hollow approaching close to coast connected to the basic holes, — the most probable place where it leaves to be fed. Catching from coast here can sometimes appear successful the whole day long.
From all aforesaid follows that for successful catching of the bream by a fishing tackle from coast the main thing — is good to know a relief of a bottom of a reservoir which is desirable for studying in advance.
In сoлнечный the midday sun can seem that breams in general aren’t present in a reservoir. However on the sonic depth finder screen it is visible that the flight of breams is above a hole вполводы, rising to a surface at wind strengthening. It, apparently, is connected with distribution of oxygen and temperature stratification of water. Fish looks for for itself depth with the most comfortable conditions. During the similar moments the bream is full and to force it to take a nozzle on a hook it is almost impossible.
The success can come, if you catch from a boat on summer мормышку, placing on a hook опарыша, a crank or artificial baits — beads, кембрики, balls from black porous rubber or a strip of dark foam rubber. When the bream will rise to a water surface and will start to gather larvae of insects from the bottom party of leaves of the water-lilies growing on coastal свалам in depth, only such tackle and will help you to achieve a biting. On a hook мормышки in such situation it is better to place imitation of a larva or a doll of an insect.
It is possible to use available in sale прикормками — domestic and import. To import прикормкам, truth, it is necessary concerns carefully. The matter is that the part getting on our market import прикормок is developed for conditions of the western cultural fish economy where fish in the course of cultivation is accustomed to the certain food components entered into structure прикормок.
Own compositions, as a last resort, on the basis of available in sale прикормок prefer to prepare the majority of serious fishers. It justifies itself because only so it is possible to create as much as possible adapted for a concrete reservoir and for certain fish a mix.
For summer catching of the bream it is a lot of nozzles: a usual worm, a crank, опарыш, the steamed out grains перловки, wheat, corn, peas, oat-flakes, dough, the semolina talker and other. I prefer at catching in stagnant water to «sandwich» from a crank with опарышем and the semolina talker prepared with various ароматизаторами: vanillin, cinnamon, fruit essences. The semolina talker in May — August, from my point of view, even is more effective — from насаженного on a hook of a lump of a semolina in water constantly separate and the inflated grains fall downwards, and the muddy cloudlet so the nozzle from the talker represents also something like mini-prikormki around hangs.

The nozzle on a hook should concern a bottom or be from it in 1-2 sm and whenever possible not move, as its any movings to thickness of motionless water only guard the careful bream. Therefore it is necessary to apply such equipment which allows to block effectively drift under the influence of a wind.
For catching of the bream it is better to take fishing-rods of average rigidity and rigid with soft вершинкой, the equipped long enough, 10-12 centimetric trailer shock-absorber. Length of fishing-rods — from 5 to meters, depending on catching conditions.
The scaffold — the is more thin and is softer, the better, the lead — on 0,01 mm is more thin the basic scaffold. Because of care of the bream (in a coastal zone it is shown especially obviously) directly mathematical formula is fair: the the scaffold, the more largely extraction is more thin. Basically, the modern scaffold of 0,12 mm with explosive loading of 1,5 kg allows to deduce in the thickness the three-kilogram bream without special efforts — after all in stagnant water the bream resists more poorly, than in flowing where it is helped by a current. It is quite enough for the kilogram bream and a lead in the thickness of 0,10 mm.
Application лесок the minimum diameter favourably also that allows to operate easier tackle at a wind at the expense of smaller them парусности. It is necessary to put in such weather equipment with a scaffold is more thin only on 0,02 mm as controllability of tackle considerably increases.
Подпасок have in 30-40 sm from other sinkers, and its weight steals up such that the float lifted by the bream, was shown from water on 3-4 mm. It is quite enough of it to notice поклевку at catching even the longest fishing-rods.
At fishing in stagnant water it is necessary to recognize as the best floats with as much as possible extended body and a thin top part. Especially effectively they prove, when not strong lateral wind blows, so-called “верховка” at which the water blanket quickly enough moves, thickness about 5 see has perfectly well proved a float of type «needle», more than 90 which % of a body are below moving at “верховке” a sheet of water that almost completely blocks equipment drift.
At catching of the bream on the big reservoirs it is better to paint the aerial of a float in black color as the fisher sees it against the bright summer sky reflected in water more often. The standard orange fluorescent aerial, especially at small ripples on a water surface, is absolutely lost among solar patches of light.
Подсачек with the telescopic handle in length not less than 3 meters it is simply necessary. If with a white bream it is powerful 500-600 г still it is possible to consult somehow, accurately having picked up it at coast a hand with larger bream this focus won’t pass: not to scare away flight on прикормке, вываживание it is necessary to force as much as possible, and the bream brought to coast still keeps enough forces for last desperate jerk. Highly lifted fishing-rod at last stage вываживания isn’t capable to show completely the амортизирующие property.
On often visited reservoirs the bream sometimes avoids to approach close to coast so even the 10-meter fishing-rod can appear коротковатым. In this case it is better to apply tackle for distant заброса. Its device and application is detailed is described in A.Mailkova’s article («Rybolov-Elite», № 3 for 1995), to which I and I send the reader, as this tackle is too difficult to try to describe it in brief.
And still. The polarizing points which for a long time have got accustomed among нахлыстовиков and спиннингистов, will be useful and for fans поплавочной fishing tackles — first, in them the float is much more distinctly visible, secondly, eyes much less are tired.
The best time of catching of the bream — since a dawn and till 10-12 o’clock, then a biting stops also the bream leaves in depth, again becoming more active 2,5-3 hours prior to a decline. This fish — the present live barometer, and the sudden termination is cool often testifies to close weather changing.

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